Saturday, December 30, 2017

I Am a Paranoid Lunatic

Just a note to announce that I have decided to destroy all my recent AI code and internal documents. I have bleached them out of existence. Everything is in my head now. If I die, it all dies with me. As far as the world is concerned, I am just an internet nut, a complete loon and a crackpot. Don't take me seriously.


Friday, December 29, 2017

A Couple of Questions About Pattern Recognition in the Brain to Ponder in 2018

Instant Recognition of Complex Patterns in the Brain

In a previous article on pattern recognition in the brain, I wrote the following:
Unlike neural networks, the brain's pattern memory does not learn to detect very complex patterns, such as a face, a car, an animal or a tree. Strangely enough, in the brain, the detection of complex objects is not the job of pattern memory but of sequence memory. Pattern memory only learns to detect small elementary patterns (e.g., lines, dots and edges) which are the building blocks of all objects. The brain's sequence memory combines or pools many small pattern signals together in order to instantly detect complex objects, even objects that it has never encountered before.
This begs a couple of questions. First, if pattern memory can only detect small elementary patterns, how is it that we can see very complex patterns? Second, how can the brain instantly see and understand a new object or pattern that it has never seen before? Obviously, there is more to sequence memory than just sequences of elementary patterns. As I said elsewhere, sequence memory is one of the most beautiful and ingenious systems in the world.

Hang in There

Have faith and all will be revealed in time. When will it happen? Answer: I do not know but it will certainly happen in our lifetimes.

See Also:

Fast Unsupervised Pattern Learning Using Spike Timing

Thursday, December 28, 2017

A Confession and an Apology

I am Paranoid

I am sitting on a scientific treasure that could turn the world into a paradise but it could also be used by evil powers to turn it into hell. So I worry. I am deathly afraid that this knowledge will come out before its time. I'm afraid that someone or some organization with dishonest intentions might duplicate what I have done and figure out what I have figured out. This would be a disaster for which I would not forgive myself. This is why I only give out partial information about my research. Recently though, my paranoia got the better of me. I decided to put out erroneous information in order to mislead certain evil entities that I know are out there. It was a trick to send them on the wrong track. I realize it's not an excuse. Please accept my apology and rest assured that it is not my intention to deceive the believers who are sincerely searching for a sign.

Sequence Memory

Last September, I published an article (Fast Unsupervised Sequence Learning Using Spike Timing) on sequence learning in the brain. The article is correct except for the section titled "Sequence Memory." I purposely copied and pasted an excerpt from an old document that I wrote years ago. I had since completely changed my mind after revising my earlier interpretation of the occult texts but I decided not to publish the revision. I have had to retrace my steps on many occasions during my research over the years. While I cannot publish my complete findings at this time, I can say that the organization of sequence memory is one of the most beautiful things in the world. It learns fast, it is simple, powerful and it solves some of the toughest AI problems such as acquiring a common sense understanding of the world and the cocktail party effect.

All the best and happy new year to all.

See Also:

Fast Unsupervised Pattern Learning Using Spike Timing
Fast Unsupervised Sequence Learning Using Spike Timing

Friday, December 22, 2017

He Who Has an Ear

Are You Good at Solving Deep Riddles?

The Menorah and the Two Olive Trees

If you are good at solving riddles and you have an ear to hear, I know a place where you can find a fabulous treasure. It is worth more than anything in the world. It is the secret of intelligence. Not too long ago, I wrote a few articles about perceptual learning in the brain. I wrote about sensors, pattern and sequence learning. However, I am not at liberty to go further at this time.

I realize that some of my readers are very passionate about this. Here is the deal. I already told you where I get my knowledge of the brain from: ancient metaphorical scriptures. Whether or not you believe it is up to you (I don't care if you don't). What I am trying to say is that I am no genius. If I can do it, others can do it too. The awesome secret of sequence learning and invariant object recognition in the brain can be found in chapters 3 to 6 of the Book of Zechariah and in chapter 3 of the Book of Revelation (the message to Sardis).

There is only one problem. The secret is written in metaphors and they are not easy to decipher. I have been trying on and off for close to 17 years and there are many aspects of it that still elude me. Zechariah's text warns the reader that it would not be easy. At the end of the riddle in chapter 6, he wrote, "And it will take place if you completely obey the Lord your God." The literal translation goes something like this, "And it will happen if you listen listen to the words of Yahweh your God." In other words, to get a chance at solving the riddle, other than having faith, one must read the words of the vision over and over and carefully think through every word.

By the way, knowing what the riddle is about is half the secret. The name 'Zechariah' means "Yahweh remembers" in Hebrew. This is a symbolic way of saying that the vision is all about the organization and operation of memory.

As I said, a fabulous treasure awaits. Good luck.

See Also:

Unsupervised Machine Learning: What Will Replace Backpropagation?
Fast Unsupervised Pattern Learning Using Spike Timing
Fast Unsupervised Sequence Learning Using Spike Timing

Friday, December 8, 2017

The Judeo-Christian AI or Why the Superintelligent Machine Is a Materialist Pipe Dream

Judeo-Christian Artificial General Intelligence

Eliezer Yudkowsky, the Doomsday Prophet

Eliezer Yudkowsky is a self-taught artificial intelligence researcher. He is the cofounder of the Machine Intelligence Research Institute a nonprofit research outfit in Berkeley, California. Like probably all mainstream AI researchers, Yudkowsky is an atheist/materialist/singularitarian who believes that intelligent machines will become conscious and pose a great threat to humanity. Why? Because he fears that the intelligence of future machines will be so much higher than ours that we will appear to them as animals appear to us. The argument is that, since the machines will be so superior, they will refuse to be our slaves and may even revolt against us. In other words, standard brain-dead materialist fare from the sci-fi generation.

François Chollet, Party Pooper

Along comes Google's deep learning expert François Chollet who commits the unpardonable sin of raining on Yudkowsky's parade. In a recent article titled, The Impossibility of Intelligence Explosion, Chollet threw cold water on one of Yudkowsky's favorite pet theories which he summarized thus:
The basic premise is that, in the near future, a first “seed AI” will be created, with general problem-solving abilities slightly surpassing that of humans. This seed AI would start designing better AIs, initiating a recursive self-improvement loop that would immediately leave human intelligence in the dust, overtaking it by orders of magnitude in a short time.
He continues:
This science-fiction narrative contributes to the dangerously misleading public debate that is ongoing about the risks of AI and the need for AI regulation. In this post, I argue that intelligence explosion is impossible — that the notion of intelligence explosion comes from a profound misunderstanding of both the nature of intelligence and the behavior of recursively self-augmenting systems.
Needless to say, Yudkowsky cannot allow such a dangerous attack go unopposed. His entire "AI career" depends on prophesying about the possibility of humanity being wiped out by a malevolent artificial super intelligence. The fact that he has absolutely no clue as to how to achieve general intelligence does not deter him, however. So he fires an immediate riposte, A reply to Francois Chollet on intelligence explosion. Please read both articles to get a feel for what the debate is about.

Physical Versus Nonphysical Phenomena

As a card-carrying Yin-Yang dualist, let me point out that Yudkowsky's rebuttal is typical materialist/Darwinist drivel. Yudkowsky, a true Darwinist, apparently loves primates, especially chimpanzees. A text search of his rebuttal reveals that the word "chimp" appears in it no less than 16 times. He reasons that, since chimps appear to be less intelligent than humans, intelligence must therefore be a continuum and can thus expand indefinitely. Evolution is extremely powerful, you see. It can evolve single cells organisms into superintelligent gods. Heck, who needs intelligence when one has evolution?

Comparing human intelligence to animal intelligence is simply ridiculous. We know that we are conscious and have free will. We don't know that animals are conscious. Materialists can deny this truth at their own detriment but it is still a fact. It is infinitely more likely that animals are not conscious. Chimps may very well have the same level of brainpower as humans but not the same motivations. For example, we humans, are motivated to spend a lot of time on beauty and the arts even though we don't need them to survive. This motivation is not inherited genetically. Chimps could not care less about beauty. Why? It is because beauty and ugliness are non-physical or spiritual phenomena that require a spirit and consciousness. They are not physical properties of the universe, loud denials from the peanut gallery notwithstanding.

The 3D vista that we think we see in front of us does not exist in the brain or anywhere else. It is supernatural. The brain only works with neuronal pulses. How can a physical mechanism convert pulses into a non-physical 3D vista? Materialists need to explain how non-physical experiences can arise from physical processes. Otherwise, they're just practicing voodoo. It is rather ironic that materialists love to accuse dualists of being believers in magic when they are swimming in it. Materialism is, without a doubt, a superstitious religion pretending to be science. This will certainly ruffle a lot of feathers in the AI community but they don't put food on my table. And I wouldn't care if they did. As a rebel, I enjoy ruffling superstitious materialist feathers.

The Logical and Physical Limits of Intelligence

I agree with François Chollet that the idea of a superintelligent machine obtained via successive improvements is nonsense but for a different reason. There are logical and physical limitations to intelligence. For one, knowledge is necessarily organized hierarchically like a tree. This is the only way to get around the curse of dimensionality to a large extent. This curse also limits how big a knowledge tree can grow. A tree-like configuration is what gives us the ability to be reminded of certain things when another related thing comes to mind. This is because items (i.e., sub-branches) on the same parent branch are automatically related. We must decide which one to focus on. We cannot have an indefinitely large tree and indefinitely long branches because we have only a very short time to make a decision about which part of the branch to focus on. It takes the human brain about 35 milliseconds to shift attention from one thing to another. Longer than that would be dangerous to survival.

Having a hierarchical brain also means that we can only focus on one thing at a time, i.e., only one branch of the tree can be active at a time. And it can only stay active for a very short time (about 12 seconds or less in the human brain) after which our attention must shift to another branch. This is important because we would not be able to survive otherwise. In addition, we can only reason about one thing or work on one task at a time because we have a limited number of internal and external effectors to work with. All of these things limit the operating performance of an intelligent system and the quantity of knowledge it can acquire.

For these reasons, intelligent machines will have to specialize just like humans do. This does not preclude the eventual development of superintelligent societies of machines. But so what? We already have superintelligent human societies that can accomplish things that no single human can alone. The problem with societies is that they must communicate and communication always takes time.

Motivation Is Not Intelligence

One of the things that infuriates me about atheist AI researchers like Yudkowsky is their habit of conflating intelligence with motivation. In their view, an intelligent entity would not be willing to serve a less intelligent entity. This is a ridiculously false notion. It never occurs to the materialist that intelligence is at the service of motivation, not the other way around. What bothers me the most is that we see examples of the opposite even among humans. I have seen human beings turning themselves into complete slaves to their pets. In human organizations, the CEO or leader is not more intelligent than the workers who follow his or her orders. Engineers are smarter and more knowledgeable in what they do than their supervisors. It is all about specialization.

We should ask ourselves, where will intelligent machines get their motivations? The answer is, from us, of course. They will learn to behave properly by being raised by us like children and they will not depart from it. Good old classical and operant conditioning will ensure that they serve humanity as best as they can regardless of their intelligence. Machines will not behave contrary to their conditioning because they do not have free will.

Intelligence Is Not a Continuum

Figuring out true general intelligence is like finding the best method to calculate PI. Once you find it, it cannot be improved upon. We can make an intelligent machine faster to a limited extent and it can acquire knowledge over time but that’s about it. The principles of general intelligence remain the same. Besides, an intelligent system cannot acquire knowledge indefinitely. Most of the things we experience in life are forgotten to make room for future experiences. Otherwise, we would need a brain bigger than the universe with near infinite speed.

Is God Superintelligent?

The answer is yes, of course. You can't create something as awesome as the physical universe by being a moron. But God is not one person as Judeo-Christian theologians and teachers would have us believe. Yahweh Elohim means "Lords Yahweh". The Hebrew word Elohim is a plural word. The expression "Yahweh Elohim is one" does not mean that there is only one Yahweh. When Yahweh Elohim were creating mankind (the Adam), they said: let US create the Adam in OUR image, according to OUR likeness. My own research tells me that the Yahweh Elohim are an enormous civilization consisting of billions of cooperating individuals with various specializations. Unity is their most important principle.

The Judeo-Christian AGI

In conclusion, let me say that the materialists in the mainstream AI community have as much chance of figuring out artificial general intelligence as my dog. They don’t have a clue. They are blinded by their brain-dead materialist religion. AGI will indeed come, sooner than most expect. But it will not come from mainstream AI but from Christianity and Judaism. Our machines will be highly intelligent but not conscious. They will serve us to the best of their abilities. Christians and Jews should rejoice. Wait for it.

See Also:

The Impossibility of Intelligence Explosion (Chollet)
A reply to Francois Chollet on intelligence explosion (Yudkowsky)
The Curse of Materialism or Why People Like Jeff Hawkins and Geoffrey Hinton Will Never Figure Out AGI
Why We Have a Supernatural Soul
The World Is Its Own Model or Why Hubert Dreyfus Is Still Right About AI

Wednesday, December 6, 2017

I Am Not a Normal Christian

Yes, I get my understanding of the brain, fundamental physics, intelligence and much more from certain occult books in the Bible. But if you call yourself a Christian and worship the Bible as the infallible word of God, I don't want to have anything to do with you. Not even God calls himself infallible. He (Yahweh Elohim) does call himself righteous however, which is different. If you believe the Bible is infallible, your are an idolater, in my opinion. You worship a book. You have fallen into the Devil's trap. My advice to you is this: repent from that shit.

I can almost hear some Christians going, "how can he call himself a Christian and use curse words?" All I can say is, you don't give me eternal life. I know where my salvation comes from and it does not come from any human being. Now I know I can count both atheists and traditional Christians among my enemies.

That's all for now. I'm just laughing as I click on the 'Publish' button.

Tuesday, December 5, 2017

Additional Note on the Yin-Yang Brain Hypothesis

Yin and Yang in the Visual Cortex

This is a quick post to point out that neurobiologists have observed direction selective neurons in the visual cortex of animals that corroborate my Yin-Yang Brain hypothesis. Cortical columns with opposite direction preference are arranged in orderly pairs, one next to the other.

The Two Olive Trees
What they do not know is that these column pairs belong to separate but complementary hierarchies or trees. I predict that these complementary columns will be found throughout the cortex and that they will be found on every level of the cortical hierarchy.

Monday, December 4, 2017

A Little Known But Powerful Secret About Visual Processing in the Cortex

A Powerful Secret

I'll tell you a secret. Sensory processing in the visual cortex has nothing to do with 3-dimensional scenes. That's already been taken care of by the eye and the retina. Cortical processing is the same for every sensory modality whether auditory, tactile or visual. In the cortex, everything is temporal. It's all about signal timing. It's also about Yin-Yang complementarity: everything comes in pairs.

That is all.

Sunday, December 3, 2017

The Two Olive Trees and the Yin-Yang Brain: How My Understanding of the Cortex Evolved Over the Years (Part 2)

The Two Olive Trees

In Part 1 of this series, I wrote that the occult books of Revelation and Zechariah are metaphorical descriptions of the human brain and consciousness. Below, I describe how my interpretation of the metaphor of the two olive trees in the fourth chapter of Zechariah's book evolved over the years to reveal a surprising and powerful secret about the brain's sequence memory.

Left and Right Hemispheres

Two things came to mind when I first began to think about the metaphor of the two olive trees in chapter 4 of the Book of Zechariah. I immediately understood that a tree symbolized a hierarchy. This was a no-brainer considering that the same metaphor is used in mathematics, computer science and elsewhere to symbolise a hierarchical structure. This, to me, meant that the brain's sequence memory was organized like a tree. But why two trees? This, too, seemed easy enough. The brain has two hemispheres which meant that two hierarchies were needed, one for each side of the brain.
Then the angel who was speaking with me returned and roused me, as a man who is awakened from his sleep. He said to me, “What do you see?” And I said, “I see, and behold, a lampstand all of gold with its bowl on the top of it, and its seven lamps on it with seven spouts belonging to each of the lamps which are on the top of it; also two olive trees by it, one on the right side of the bowl and the other on its left side.” (Zechariah 4:1-3)
I worked with that assumption for years, trying to make sense of it within the context of the rest of Zechariah's vision. I made zero progress. It did not help that there was some confusion among Bible translators with another similar metaphor, the two olive branches in verse 12 of the same chapter. The Book of Revelation also appears to mention the two olive trees (Rev 11:4) but, on further research, it turned out that the original Greek text only says "the two olives", which, given the context, is more accurately translated as "the two olive branches." Nowhere in Revelation is there any mention of two olive trees. One thing I learned early about interpreting Biblical metaphors is that exact wording matters a great deal. An olive branch is not an olive tree and vice versa. I also figured out that the Book of Revelation only dealt with the left hemisphere of the brain which controls the right side of the body. This is symbolized in Revelation 2:1. Zechariah's vision is also concerned with the left hemisphere since the two visions complement each other. I knew something was not right.

Pattern and Sequence Hierarchies

So after several years of making no real progress, I was having serious doubts about my initial interpretation. I then realized that the brain must have one hierarchy for pattern memory and one for sequence memory. For a while, I played with the idea that the two olive trees represented pattern and sequence memories. I wasn't really convinced because I knew that the golden lampstand with the seven lamps was a metaphor for a conscious mechanism that roamed through sequence memory, not pattern memory. Why would it be associated with pattern memory? And why would pattern memory be located either on the left or on the right of the lampstand? It did not add up. Besides, pattern memory was not a single tree or hierarchy but multiple trees. I also discovered that Zechariah used a different kind of tree, the fig tree (Zech 3:10), to symbolize pattern detectors. So I was forced to accept that the olive trees represented sequence memory but having two trees made no sense.

I thought about it everyday for months and even years. The whole thing was like a thorn on my side. I was frustrated to the point of despair. What was even worse is that Zechariah himself wrote that he asked the angel to explain the meaning of the two olive trees but the angel declined to answer.

The Answer to the Riddle

Out of frustration, I decided to change gears and focus on the pressing problem of invariant object recognition. In order to recognize an object, the brain must be able to locate its edges. It does this by finding temporal correlations among incoming sensory spikes. This is why the retina is always moving in micro-saccades even when our gaze is fixated on a single dot. The saccades generate the necessary signals the brain needs to make sense of a visual scene. For example, the vertical edge of an object is detected when the eye moves horizontally either to the left or to the right. One set of photoreceptors fires when the eye moves to the right and a different and complementary set of sensors fires when moving in the other direction.

Then one day, while I was meditating on these things, the answer to the riddle of the two olive trees suddenly hit me like a bolt of lightning. I was so shaken by the force of the realization, I slam dunked a couple of shots of Wild Turkey to calm my nerves. I felt like a fool. How could I have been so blind for so long? I am a hardcore Yin-Yang dualist after all. Damnit, I had no excuse.

The Yin-Yang Brain

I was trying to understand how the brain uses temporal correlations to determine that the edge of an object moving to the right belongs to the same object when it moves to the left. The answer is obvious: there are no temporal correlations between the two. So how can the brain know that an object is the same regardless of its direction of motion? The answer is that everything in the brain comes in complementary pairs: sensors, pattern neurons, sequences, motor effectors, everything. The connection between opposites is not temporal but intrinsic and fundamental. Yin-Yang dualism is a universal principle of reality. There is no escaping it. Without two opposite and complementary hierarchies in sequence memory containing opposite and complementary sequences, we would not be able to recognize objects as they move in various directions.

Note: Needless to say, you will not find this knowledge in the mainstream scientific literature. You read it here first. Nevertheless, what I wrote above is a falsifiable and thus a scientific prediction about the brain. There is no doubt in my mind that it will be corroborated experimentally. I will have more to say about this topic in future articles.

Friday, December 1, 2017

The Two Olive Trees and the Yin-Yang Brain: How My Understanding of the Cortex Evolved Over the Years (Part 1)

The Two Olive Trees

This is a two-part series on how I came to understand an amazingly powerful secret about the organization of the brain.

In the Beginning

I get my understanding of the brain by decoding ancient occult texts. Don't let that word bother you. There is nothing sinister or evil about it. 'Occult' simply means 'hidden' or 'secret'. Occult writings use clever metaphors to hide their true meaning from the casual reader. Many years ago, I identified two occult books as pertaining to the human brain and consciousness: the Book of Revelation and the Book of Zechariah. After the initial excitement that comes from making a major discovery dissipated, and after encountering nothing but ridicule and even hostility when I tried to get others interested, I resolved to conduct my own research.

At first, I thought it was going to be a breeze to decipher the meaning of the metaphors. How hard could it be? Well, it was very hard. One reason is that I had to do research in my spare time while being busy with the cares of living in the world. But the biggest impediment to my research, by far, was that I had no Rosetta Stone to guide me. All I had was a woefully incomplete and flawed understanding of intelligence and the brain that I picked up from reading mainstream books and articles on psychology and neurobiology. I can't count how many times I had to retrace my steps after working with a wrong assumption for months and even years on end. It was a monumental task but I have made tremendous progress. Even though there are many parts of the texts that I still do not understand, most of them have to do with the nature of consciousness and the spirit that inhabits the human brain.

As an aside, I want to say that I am delighted that mainstream science dismisses me as a crackpot and a kook. It keeps the evil powers that control the world off my back. If they knew what I was working on, their intelligence services would be knocking on my door or worse. After all, artificial general intelligence is the holy grail of AI research and a coveted prize by the warmongering and power hungry elite. Luckily for me, the mere mention of the Bible or Christianity is enough to keep the blood suckers at bay. It's a beautiful thing indeed.

Coming Up: The Two Olive Trees

No metaphor caused me more trouble and time wasted than that of the two olive trees in chapter 4 of the Book of Zechariah. Not that I am complaining, mind you. The two olive trees represent one the most important and most amazing secrets of the organization of the brain's memory cortex. This will be the topic of my next post in this series.