## Tuesday, July 6, 2010

### Understanding the Lattice, Part I

[My articles on the lattice hypothesis and my original series on motion, which were first posted in September of last year, ruffled so many feathers that I decided to repost them over the next few days.]

Part I, Part II, Part III, Part IV

Abstract

In my series on motion, I defended the thesis that motion is a causal phenomenon and that, as a result, we are moving in an immense, crystal-like lattice of energetic particles. No lattice = no motion. My claim is that, when we fully understand the properties of the lattice and how it interacts with normal matter, we will enter an age of essentially unlimited clean energy and extremely fast travel. In The Problem With Motion, Part IV, I explained why the lattice is 4-dimensional and why the discreteness of motion means that there is only one speed in nature, the speed of light. In this post, I introduce what I call particle-centric (as opposed to observer-centric) physics. I describe a few essential properties of particles and I argue that all motion occur along fixed or absolute axes.

Be the Particle

I think the entire observer-centric approach to physics is hopelessly boneheaded. It can only scratch the surface of what is really out there. The truly foundational and powerful stuff remains forever beyond its reach. What is needed is a particle-centric physics, that is, one that models reality from the point of view of particles, so to speak. Why? Simply because the universe could not give a rat’s ass about observers. Come to think of it, where did that observer-based reality nonsense come from anyway? It’s another one of those things that infuriate me about physics.

To truly understand why a particle behaves in certain ways, a physicist must take the place of the particle in his or her mind and imagine the types of properties and interactions that are needed to cause the particle to behave the way it does. "Be the particle!" should be the physicist's main motto. Consequently, as the particle, one must ask oneself pertinent questions such as: Why should I move? Why should I move in this particular direction? And why should I move at that particular speed? Only by asking why-type questions will we gain a deep understanding of the universe.

Bodies and Wings

A throrough understanding of particle behavior calls for building a model that describes the properties and interactions involved in making it happen. My research has led me to conclude that every particle must have at least one of two types of energy properties. I call these properties body and wing (I’ll explain my choice of terminology in a future article). You can think of bodies as mass energy and of wings as kinetic energy. All particles have wings but some have both bodies and wings while others have no body. Here are a few essential principles that govern bodies and wings.
1. The total energy of a particle (body + wings) is conserved. That is to say, it stays the same always, whether or not the particle is moving.
2. Body energy can be transferred to the wings and vice versa.
3. A particle is at absolute rest if its entire energy is contained in its body.
4. A particle moves at the speed of light if its entire energy is contained in its wings.
There are several other equally important principles having to do with particle interactions but that’s the subject of my next post.

Applicability of Newtonian Physics

The first principle in the list above is the reason for the familiar Newtonian principle of the conservation of momentum. The first and second principles together imply that using a Newtonian force to accelerate a particle does not change its energy. It only transfers some energy from its body to its wings or vice versa. Newtonian physics works adequately only at ordinary speeds. At those speeds, only an exceedingly small fraction of a particle’s total energy is contained in its wings. Consequently, it is safe to assume that the mass (body) of a particle is invariant in most situations. By contrast, at half the speed of light, a particle’s body and wings contain equal amounts of energy. Newtonian equations would not work properly at that speed because the particle’s mass is only one half its original or rest value. For now, forget about the relativist nonsense according to which the mass of a body increases toward infinity as it approaches the speed of light. I’ll get back to this in an upcoming post.

Lattice Particles

I have a special name for lattice particles but I cannot reveal it at this time, as it would disrupt my long-term strategy. Let’s just call them LPs for now. The main difference between an LP and an ordinary particle like the electron is that the former has no body (no mass) while the latter has both body and wings. An LP only has wings and, as a result, moves at the speed of light. Previously, I wrote that every particle must have three wings, one for each dimension of ordinary space. Actually, I should have said three pairs of wings or six wings altogether. Each pair consists of a positive wing and negative wing. Why? Because there are two directions for each dimension.

I also wrote that all particles in the entire universe are moving at the speed of light in the fourth dimension. One would think that a fourth pair of wings is needed for motion in the fourth dimension and one would be only partially right. The reason is that the motion of the universe along the fourth dimension is special. It’s special because it cannot be messed with, that is, it must happen no matter what and it cannot miss a beat. Elsewhere, I explain why this is directly connected to gravity. I know, mysteries are piling up. But lattice physics is not about creating mysteries but unraveling old ones.

The Absolute Axes of the Universe

A dimension is not a property of space. Space (distance) is an illusion of perception. It is a useful but abstract concept that we use for navigation. It helps us to make sense of the relationships between objects. The idea that there is some space that is extrinsic to particles and in which they move, is one that is dead on arrival. I explain why elsewhere. A dimension is a degree of freedom, or separation. It is an abstract concept. It is a means by which the universe can determine whether two particles are either together or separated and, if separated, by how much. This is important because this is how the universe can tell whether or not there has been a violation of a conservation principle.

A 1-dimensional universe is one in which every particle has one and only one positional property. A universe with four dimensions means that particles have four positional properties. A discrete universe means that there are only discrete dimensions. In other words, all motion occurs along fixed absolute axes. Consequently, and in contrast to the relativist’s lame denial of absolute directions, any technology that purports to tap into the lattice for energy production and propulsion will have to identify the absolute axes of the universe. As I will explain in a future post, this will be an essential requirement of all lattice-based propulsion systems.

Upcoming

In Part II, I will go over particle interactions. I will explain why there are four types of lattice particles and why they travel at the speed of light the moment they are dislodged from their original positions in the lattice. I will also have a few things to say about particle decay and, especially, the reason behind the probabilistic nature of decay. As it turns out, all interactions (hence, motion) are probabilistic.