In Part II, I wrote that a particle in motion undergoes a series of absorption/decay events. I explained why the universe is probabilistic and I railed against quantum state superposition, the basis of the quack science known as quantum computing. I wrote that, once dislodged from its position of origin in the lattice, an LP (lattice particle) moves at the speed of light and interacts only with other LPs of equal energy. In this post I explain why particles interact and why there are four types of LPs. I also describe how a normal massive particle interacts with an LP. Finally, I go over what must be done in order to take advantage of the lattice for propulsion. If you have not already done so, please read Physics: The Problem With Motion and the first two parts of this article before continuing.
Some of you may be wondering why an LP is initially at rest in the lattice even though there are a huge number of other LPs located at the same position. The reason is that no two LPs at any original position in the lattice have the same energy level. But why have so many LPs at every position in the lattice? The answer is that the lattice must be able to sustain the motion of a huge variety of massive particles moving at every possible speed up to the speed of light. Obviously, it takes a lot less energy to move an electron than it does to move a proton.
In Part I, I wrote that massive particles have bodies (mass) and wings (kinetic energy) and that body energy can be transferred to the wings and vice versa. I also stated that a particle is moving at the speed of light if all of its energy is contained in its wings. At half the speed of light, only half the particle’s energy is contained in its wings. It follows that it takes twice as much energy to move a particle of rest mass x at a given speed v than it does to move a particle of rest mass x/2 at the same speed v. Note again that this is all governed by probabilities. I’ll get back to probabilities in future posts.
Before its initial interaction, an LP is in what I call an undefined or non-initialized state. In such a state, the energy in each of an LP’s wings is not defined. After interaction, an LP is primed to travel in a specific direction determined by the properties of the other interacting particle. That is to say, each of the LP’s wings has a specific energy value. The total energy contained in the wings of an LP is equal to the energy level for that LP; remember that only LPs having equal energy levels can interact.
When a moving LP encounters a massive particle, it is already initialized and its wings have set energy values. Obviously, how and whether two particles interact is determined by their intrinsic properties and the states of those properties. The probability that two particles will interact also depends on their proximity. The closer they are to each other, the more likely they may interact. I’ll explain why this is true in a future post.
Virtual Photons, Faces and Orientations
My thesis is that all electromagnetic effects are due to interactions between normal matter particles and LPs. What the physicist calls a virtual photon is what I call an LP except that I don’t subscribe to the pseudoscientific notion of particle/wave duality (more on duality in a future post).
[Of course, calling a particle virtual because you cannot account for its energy in your model is lame to the core. Physics via labeling is crap, period. As you may have noticed, I do not miss a single opportunity to heap scorn and ridicule on the physics community. It's the rebel in me.]
I hypothesize that magnetic fields are the result of certain particles (not necessarily charged particles but having a certain spatial orientation) moving in the three spatial dimensions, whereas the electrostatic field is due to charged particles moving along the fourth dimension. I further hypothesize that there must be four different types of LPs. Three observations form the basis of my EM/lattice hypothesis. The first is that the orientation of a magnetic field is dependent on the direction of the moving particles that cause it; the second is the descriptions of polarized light in the literature; and the third is the polarization of the electrostatic charge. The difference between the four types of LP has to do with the way they are facing, that is to say, with their orientation.
quantum spin of a particle. Of course, physicists (and science geeks in general) have a way of complicating the hell out of simple concepts to the point where they alienate many who might otherwise be interested in science. Note also that conventional physics does not associate spins with the four dimensions as I do in this hypothesis. I’ll get back to electromagnetism and spin in an upcoming article.
Recap: Particles, Properties and Principles
So far in this series, I’ve mentioned several particle properties related to the causality of motion and a few principles that govern particles and their properties. It’s good to keep them in mind as we move along. Here’s what we’ve got so far.
- There are two types of energy properties, body and wing. The former is analogous to mass energy while the latter is similar to kinetic energy.
- All particles have wings and some have bodies. LPs only have wings.
- Every LP has three pairs of wings, one pair for each spatial dimension.
- The total energy of a particle (body + wings) is conserved. That is to say, it stays the same always, whether or not the particle is moving.
- Body energy can be transferred to the wings and vice versa.
- A particle is at absolute rest if its entire energy is contained in its body.
- A particle moves at the speed of light if its entire energy is contained in its wings.
- At every discrete position in the lattice, there is a huge number of LPs, one for each possible energy level up to a maximum value.
- Two LPs interact only if their positions are equal and they have equal energy levels and the same orientation (face).
How Can We Use the Lattice for Propulsion?
Most people would be surprised to learn that we are already using the lattice for propulsion. Indeed, every particle of matter that moves does so as a result of its interactions with the lattice. This is fine and dandy for inertial motion but how can we use the lattice for vehicular propulsion, i.e., for acceleration? In other words, how can we obtain a usesable force from the lattice? Remember that, according to this hypothesis, the normal way of accelerating a particle is to apply an external Newtonian force so as to change the particle’s energy signature. In other words, the force causes energy to be transferred from the particle’s body (mass) to its wings (kinetic energy).
Is there a way to accelerate a particle without using a Newtonian force? In other words, is there a way to do it by taking advantage of the energy of the lattice?
To answer these questions, we must figure out what happens when a moving lattice particle (MLP) encounters a normal massive particle such as an electron. Obviously, the nature of the ensuing interaction depends on the states of the intrinsic properties of the particles involved.
electron that is at rest. In other words, let’s say a resting electron temporarily absorbs a moving LP. An electron at rest has all of its energy in its body. The ensuing interaction will cause the electron to move away from the point of interaction in a certain direction dictated by the orientation (face direction) of the MLP, the energies contained in its wings and the orientation of the electron. A discrete jump is a reaction to an imbalance caused when one particle absorbs another and the two temporarily become one. So, why does the absorption of an LP by an electron constitute an imbalance? The reason has to do with conservation. Indeed, all interactions are due to nature correcting a violation to a conservation principle. In this case, the total energy of a particle must be conserved (see list above) to maintain a balance with the rest of the universe. However, the absorption disturbs the balance, i.e., causes an imbalance. In its attempt to correct the situation, nature causes the electron to transfer energy from its body to its wings so as to counteract the imbalance caused by the wings of the MLP. This, in turn, causes the electron to immediately begin to move in the lattice.
So, the answer to the italicized questions I posed in the previous section is that we must cause particles of matter to transfer energy from their bodies to their wings without expanding energy in the Newtonian sense. That is to say, we must use the lattice energy to generate a non-Newtonian force. This is the subject of my next post in this series. Let me come right out and say that it involves the use of electrostatic fields and the identification of the absolute axes of the universe about which I wrote in a previous post. Remember, the lattice is your friend.