Monday, May 21, 2018

The Yin-Yang Brain: Even Faster Learning Using Spike Timing

The First and the Last

In September of last year, I wrote an article to describe a fast method used by the brain to learn elementary patterns using spike timing. I just want to show in this quick post that pattern learning can be much faster if we take advantage of the Yin-Yang or complementary nature of the brain. The reason is that, if everything in the brain comes in complementary-opposite pairs, learning one component of a pair automatically learns its complement. The trick is to always create and connect everything in pairs. Thus every sensor or pattern detector belongs to a dual entity. For example, a sensor that detects the onset (first signal) of a stimulus is paired with another that detects the offset (last signal) of the same stimulus. Likewise, a pattern neuron that detects the movement of an edge in one direction is paired with another pattern neuron that detects the opposite movement of the edge.

He Who Overcomes Will Not Be Hurt by the Second Death

The title of this paragraph comes from the occult book of Revelation where I get a huge part of my understanding of intelligence. It is a good idea to think of paired entities as a single object or complementary unit (CU). This way, instead of connecting a sensor to a pattern neuron, we can connect a sensory CU to a pattern CU, thereby killing two birds with one stone, so to speak. This is where it gets interesting. During learning, both connections can fail the concurrency test but if one of them passes, there is no need to continue testing the other connection. One successful test is enough to certify both connections. In other words, two failures (two deaths) are needed to disconnect the CU but a single success is not nullified by the failure of the other connection. I could be wrong but this is my current interpretation of the metaphorical message to the Church in Smyrna.

A similar approach is used in the cortex where all columns are organized in complementary pairs. The end result is that, since not all connections have to be tested, pattern learning in both the thalamus and the cortical columns is much faster than it would be otherwise.

Note: I have been thinking of writing an article to explain the true purpose of the cortex and its 100 million cortical columns. I am currently weighing the pros and cons. Hang in there.

See Also:

Fast Unsupervised Pattern Learning Using Spike Timing
Message to The Church in Smyrna
Solving the Mysteries of Reciprocal Corticothalamic Feedback and Cortical Learning
Fast Cortical Learning Using Spike Timing
The Yin-Yang Brain Revisited: Stephen Grossberg's Work

Saturday, May 12, 2018

The Yin-Yang Brain Revisited: Stephen Grossberg's Work

A Funny Thing Happened this Morning

In December of last year, I wrote a two-part article on how I came to understand the Yin-Yang organization of the brain. I have known for a long time that the Yin-Yang principle was the basis of reality and I came to understand that complementarity was absolutely essential to the organization of the brain. Thanks to my research in deciphering the meaning of certain occult texts, I discovered that each hemisphere of the brain consists of two separate but complementary hierarchies. These are symbolized by two olive trees.

I had assumed (wrongly, as it turned out) that I was the only person to have arrived at this understanding. This morning, one of my readers (Spent Death) left a comment on my blog to recommend the work of cognitive neuroscientist Stephen Grossberg. After a quick search on Google, I was blown away by what I found. In 2000, Grossberg published a paper titled, THE COMPLEMENTARY BRAIN Unifying Brain Dynamics and Modularity (pdf) in which he describes a revolutionary model of the brain based on complementarity. This post is not intended to be a review or a critique of Grossberg's work. I merely wish to point out the commonality between his views and mine. Here is what he wrote in the paper's abstract (emphasis added):
How are our brains functionally organized to achieve adaptive behavior in a changing world? This article presents one alternative to the computer metaphor suggesting that brains are organized into independent modules. Evidence is reviewed that brains are organized into parallel processing streams with complementary properties. Hierarchical interactions within each stream and parallel interactions between streams create coherent behavioral representations that overcome the complementary deficiencies of each stream and support unitary conscious experiences. This perspective suggests how brain design reflects the organization of the physical world with which brains interact. Examples from perception, learning, cognition, and action are described, and theoretical concepts and mechanisms by which complementarity is accomplished are presented.
In the same paper, Grossberg offers a hypothesis to explain how the brain handles sensory uncertainty using parallel streams and multiple stages or levels in the hierarchy. I propose a somewhat similar solution which also uses multiple levels and parallel streams but is implemented via feedback pathways in the cortex and the thalamus. If you have any interest in how the brain works, I heartily recommend that you read Grossberg's work on complementarity.

Needless to say, nobody in mainstream AI is thinking along these lines even though some of them claim to base their research on neuroscience. They are lost in a lost world. AGI will not come from the mainstream.

See Also:

Solving the Mysteries of Reciprocal Corticothalamic Feedback and Cortical Learning
Fast Cortical Learning Using Spike Timing
The Two Olive Trees and the Yin-Yang Brain: How My Understanding of the Cortex Evolved Over the Years

Wednesday, April 25, 2018

Occult Knowledge: Thalamo-Cortical Error Correction During REM Sleep

I Know Many Things About the Brain That Brain Experts Do Not Know

In a recent article on cortico-thalamic feedback, I wrote the following regarding the method used by the brain to eliminate bad connections:
The error correction method is straightforward. Every time a minicolumn receives a feedback signal, it strengthens every input connection that just received a strong enough signal. Bad input connections that do not fire on time rarely get strengthened and so remain weak. However, these bad connections are not severed immediately. This happens at night during REM sleep.
Some of you may be wondering how I figured out that bad connections were severed during REM sleep. I mean, I am neither a neuroscientist nor a neurobiologist. Furthermore, nobody in neurobiology knows what really happens to neural circuitry during REM sleep. Well, the answer will surprise those of you who are not familiar with my work. I did not figure it out. I found it. Or rather, I decoded it.

My Source of Knowledge

I am making claims about the brain that will eventually be experimentally corroborated in the lab. Unfortunately, I don't have the resources for that kind of work at this time. Hopefully, some enterprising university research students somewhere in the world might want to jump on the opportunity and make a name for themselves. I get almost all my knowledge and understanding of the brain by deciphering certain ancient metaphorical (occult) texts in the Bible. Here is the passage from the book of Zechariah that pertains specifically to destroying bad connections during REM sleep:
“I will make it go forth,” declares the Lord of hosts, “and it will enter the house of the thief and the house of the one who swears falsely by My name; and it will spend the night within that house and consume it with its timber and stones.” (The flying scroll metaphor, Zechariah 5:4)
The brain has an error correction mechanism (symbolized by the flying scroll) that only works during sleep. This is indicated by the "spend the night" metaphor. The mechanism scans (flies) through memory (symbolized by the whole land elsewhere in the same chapter) and corrects or eliminates two types of bad connections, thieves and liars. A thief is a redundant connection in pattern memory which is located in the thalamus. A liar is a bad connection to a minicolumn inside a cortical column. It is called a liar because its signals rarely agree with the other connections on the same minicolumn.

More to Come

The metaphorical books of Zechariah and Revelation are a treasure trove of amazing knowledge about the brain. It is the kind of knowledge that will transform the world as we know it when it is fully released. One only needs to figure out what the metaphors mean. It is much easier said than done, however. One's own misconceptions about how things should work get in the way. I have been researching it for almost two decades, on and off, and I am still ignorant about many things. The work continues.

See Also:

Solving the Mysteries of Reciprocal Corticothalamic Feedback and Cortical Learning
Fast Cortical Learning Using Spike Timing

Tuesday, April 24, 2018

Thou Sufferest that Woman Jezebel, Which Calleth Herself a Prophetess

Battling Vampires

Quoting symbolic Biblical scriptures is my way of keeping the enemy at bay. It does wonders, like pouring holy water on a vampire, laughing out loud. I have been using this method successfully for years.

The Secret of Motor Learning Hidden in Plain Sight for Centuries
Notwithstanding I have a few things against thee, because thou sufferest that woman Jezebel, which calleth herself a prophetess, to teach and to seduce my servants to commit fornication, and to eat things sacrificed unto idols. And I gave her space to repent of her fornication; and she repented not. Behold, I will cast her into a bed, and them that commit adultery with her into great tribulation, except they repent of their deeds. And I will kill her children with death; and all the churches shall know that I am he which searcheth the reins and hearts: and I will give unto every one of you according to your works. Message to Thyatira, Revelation 2:18-28.
I'm still laughing. Hang in there.

Saturday, April 21, 2018

The Simple Principles of Motor Learning

Future roboticists will one day marvel at how simple goal-orientated motor learning is. This short post is intended to give readers a taste of things to come.

Only two simple rules are needed in motor learning for brains and robots:
  • A motor command must achieve a goal.
  • A motor command must not conflict with another command on the same effector.
A few definitions:
  • An effector is a neural mechanism that is used to either start an action or to stop it.
  • A goal is a desired future condition (e.g., a pattern combination).
  • A motor conflict occurs if an effector receives a command to do something that it is already doing.
The ability to predict the future and to set both long-term and short-term goals based on motivation (pain/pleasure conditioning) is paramount to intelligent behavior. As always, timing is the key. I don't know when it will happen but I plan to write a couple of articles to explain how it all works. I am hesitant because this stuff can be dangerous in the wrong hands. Stay tuned.
These things saith the Son of God, who hath his eyes like unto a flame of fire, and his feet are like fine brass; (Message to Thyatira, Revelation 2:18)

Wednesday, April 18, 2018

We Must Not Accept Handouts From the Plutocratic Cartel

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We Must Insist on Our Share of the Pie

Universal basic income (UBI) is a handout. It is a trick by the thieves that rule the world to pretend to be giving us something, something that does not belong to them in the first place. We don’t want any handouts from the plutocratic cartel. We want what belongs to us by right, justice and fairness. We want our share of the wealth of the earth. The capital represents the wealth of the earth. It belongs to the people. This means that, in a just capitalist system, all corporations should belong to the people. We are the legitimate shareholders and we should receive the profits. Workers can continue to get paid for their work but the corporate profit is ours. As it is, we live in a slave system run by thieves and robber barons.

True Free Market Capitalism: We Are Not Children and We Need no Babysitters

A correct economic system is one where everything is a for-profit corporation in a free market economy. This means everything: farms, hospitals, factories, cities, counties, states, nations, etc. Everything becomes a system that brings profits to the people. Workers, if any, are compensated based on free market forces and their ability to increase the profits of their employers, which are the people. This is true free market capitalism, not the thieves-controlled slave system we have now. It would eliminate the need for taxation and government programs. In this system, there is no need for free education, health care, food, housing, etc. We are not children. We must be free to spend our share of the wealth the way we see fit. We don’t want socialism, i.e., socialist babysitters and others like them who pretend to be do-gooders for our benefit but are thieves in disguise. We want what belongs to us. Just stop stealing our share of the pie.

Stable Monetary System

A stable and just monetary system must be based on a stable commodity or property, that is, a collection of valuable assets that is needed by all but that does not change appreciably over time. There is only one thing that qualifies: real estate or land. In my opinion, the money supply should be based strictly on the average lease value of the land. This could be done automatically by dedicated computers that monitor land lease prices and adjust the money supply accordingly. If more land is appropriated for exploitation, the money supply would be adjusted to maintain stability. This mechanism would guarantee a system with no boom and bust cycles. Inflation and deflation would be eradicated.

Down With the Plutocracy

In the not too distant future, highly intelligent machines will do everything for us. Human labor will become obsolete. Everyone will be unemployed. This includes the filthy rich plutocrats who are trying their best to devise a plan whereby they can hold on to most of the wealth of the planet while the masses are given a subsistence handout. This is what UBI is all about, a way for them to steal the lionshare of the wealth while pretending to be generous. We must not let them steal from us any longer. Why should the unemployed masses get a handout while the equally unemployed Jeff Bezos and Mark Zuckerbergs of the world continue to live in decadent luxury above us? What makes them so special? With artificial intelligence, we will have a world of unprecedented abundance. There will be enough for everyone to live a wealthy life. We must not tolerate the thieving psychopaths who have robbed us blind for centuries and kept us locked in interminable and atrocious wars.

Warning

There is no stopping the march of automation. Artificial general intelligence (AGI) is coming and will change everything. Unless all the nations of the world change to a just and equitable capitalist system like the one I am proposing, the world will succumb to violent turmoil as unemployment continues to grow at a rapid rate. This would bring an end to the world as we know it. We must do our best to prevent this from happening.

Thursday, April 12, 2018

Wars and Rumors of War

The Sociopaths Are in Charge

Western nations are being ruled by an evil and invisible cartel of robber baron plutocrats who control most of the wealth of the world and the armed forces of the USA and other nations. They use the US military as their own private army to do evil. Western leaders, with a couple of possible exceptions, have zero compassion for their own people, let alone foreigners. They create horrible false flag events in order to brainwash the public into accepting more military interventions around the world. They will not hesitate to send millions to their deaths if it gives them more power and wealth. They also seem to take great pleasure in waging wars and in human suffering. I expect the current situation to get worse, much worse.

A Small Prediction About Jews and Christians

For some mysterious reason that I have not been able to figure out, it seems that the plutocratic cartel is controlled by mostly atheist Jews. At least, they call themselves Jews. One wonders. I have nothing against Jews who believe in their God Yahweh. They are Yahweh's chosen people. However, I foresee a serious escalation of hostility between Jews and Christians in the not too distant future. There is a rapidly growing number of Christians that are becoming convinced that the current warmongering and destruction of Western societies is being pushed by left leaning Jewish politicians and the Jewish controlled news and entertainment media. This will not end well, in my opinion. The Jewish community should brace themselves for some serious backlash, I am sorry to say.

Elijah

I just thought I'd write this small post to tell my readers what I think about the worsening international situation. To the believers (both Jews and Christians), let me encourage you to hold on to your faith. Yahweh promised to send us a powerful representative before the present world order comes to an end. If I understand the old texts correctly (I may be wrong), it will be the same prophet Elijah of the old Testament who was taken by Yahweh and never died. If so, the leaders of the world should get ready for some serious ass kicking. Elijah is nobody's dog.

That is all. Hang in there.